Law enforcement is one of the most stressful occupations in existence. Over time, if occupational stress is not properly managed, officers who are currently employed, as well as those who are retired, may experience life-threatening consequences. These consequences could be physiological, psychological, or behavioral (Patterson et al., 2014).
Police officers face many threats to both their physical safety and mental health that the general population does not. Officers are exposed to traumatic events and must regularly respond to crime scenes and domestic disputes. They also experience stress from things like leadership and management challenges as well as the difficulties associated with long hours and shift work. These different factors often contribute to officers suffering from chronic stress.
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